Kindergarten 3 – 6 years

“Early childhood education is the key to the betterment of society.”

Curriculum Scope and Sequence

The Montessori approach allows children to learn through understanding, rather than through being told. From this understanding your child can develop confidence and a joy in learning. At the same time there is a strong physical dimension to many Montessori activities, encouraging dexterity, balance and appreciation of shapes, colors and sizes. What all these elements have in common is that they are providing the building blocks of future learning, hardwiring your child’s capacity to engage with new material and information and providing the tools with which to manipulate it.

Through sensory experience and the use of imaginative stories, children in the Montessori 3-6 environment learn about their physical world. They can touch a sphere and compare the shape to the globe. They build landforms using play dough and fill water forms with water. Montessori puzzle maps are meant to be taken apart and put back together again as children develop an understanding of continents and oceans. These Montessori hands-on activities build long-term memory by physically engaging the hand. Discoveries are made about the people who live on different continents. Montessori students learn about food, music, clothing, traditions, holidays, customs, housing, as well as the plants and animals of the region as they compare their lifestyles to others. They learn about the flags of the world and reverently carry them as they “walk the line” in the Montessori prepared environment. They learn to appreciate the wonder found in the similarities and differences found around the world.

Students participate in exercises that instill skills in caring for oneself, for others and for their environment. Activities include tasks that children see as daily routine in their home, along with the exercises that develop character, socialization and introduce purposeful work.

Developing Skills:

  • Respect of each other and environment
  • Development of intrinsic desire to refine skills
  • Penmanship
  • Overall responsibility
  • Cooperation
  • Visual and kinesthetic awareness
  • Coordination
  • Independence and self-direction

Activities Include:

  • Grace and Courtesy (respecting workspace, manners, greetings, rolling/unrolling rug, waiting for a turn)
  • Practical Skills (use of tools, sewing, food prep)
  • Care of Environment (plant care, dusting, sweeping, table/dish washing, folding)
  • Care of Self (hand washing, dressing frames)
  • Gross Motor Control (carrying and balance)
  • Fine Motor Control (scooping, squeezing, pouring, spooning, tweezing)

Young children explore and take in information through all their senses. Sensorial exercises are hands-on materials that enhance the senses to prepare students for future academic work, as well as to provide concrete exploratory experiences. These experiences allow for students to develop logic and concentration as well as continued independence.

Developing Skills:

  • Reasoning
  • Discrimination
  • Discovery
  • Observation
  • Comparisons
  • Decision Making
  • Problem Solving
  • Large/Small Muscle Control
  • Spatial reasoning/awareness
  • Sound awareness

Activities Include:

  • Size (Pink Tower, Brown Stairs, Red Rods, Knobed/Knobless cylinders)
  • Form (Geometry Cabinet, Geometric Solids, Bi/Trinomial Cube, Constructive Triangles)
  • Color (primary/secondary colors, shading, gradation, mixing)
  • Tactile (Touch Tablets, Rough/ Smooth fabric, Baric Tablets)
  • Taste/Smell (smelling bottles, tasting activities)
  • Sound Cylinders, Montessori Bells (sound activities)

Student lessons increase students’ ability to communicate through reading and writing. Using the 3 modalities of visual, experimental and auditory, Montessori utilizes the curriculum to increase skills and student ability.

Receptive and Expressive Language:

  • Enhance spoken language development
  • Development of vocabulary
  • Communication
  • Listen to stories and songs
  • Student can retell and describe stories
  • Ask/answer questions
  • Training the ear for sound

Pre-Reading Skills:

  • Developing content, comprehension and self-expression
  • Sequencing
  • Sound manipulation, classification
  • Rhyming and sound segmentation
  • Modeling main idea concepts

Composition/Creative Writing:

  • Movable Alphabet to express thoughts and ideas to story format

Reading:

  • Auditory discrimination of sounds to words with object boxes, blends
  • Association of symbols with sounds of letters via muscular, tactile, visual/ auditory senses
  • Decoding
  • Develop sight word vocabulary
  • Handwriting
  • Association of symbol with sound – the Sandpaper Letters and Movable Alphabet
  • Motor/muscular memory of upper/ lowercase letter formation
  • Development of penmanship skills through Metal Insets and Chalkboard
  • Writing name, recognizing the alphabet
  • Grammar
  • Article, Noun, Adjective, Verb
  • Alphabetical Order
  • Share thoughts and ideas orally and through pictures

Students are introduced to math concepts with hands-on manipulative materials. Counting operations and memorization are developed through exposure and repetition to help develop the Mathematical Mind. Students participate in one-on-one, small group, and large group activities.

Intro to numbers:

  • One-to-one correspondence, numerical names, matching quantity to symbol, sequencing, writing numbers, odd/even

Linear and skip counting:

  • Place value, tens, teens, greater than/less than, exposure to multiplication
  • The Decimal System
  • Supplemental math: fractions, time, money, graphing
  • Introduction to fractions of a whole (whole, half, thirds, fourths)
  • Names and symbols for coin and notes value as well as equivalencies for money
  • Understanding place value, exchanging, matching, understanding 4-digit numbers, using 0 as a placeholder

Operations and Math facts:

  • Addition, Multiplication, Subtraction, Division

Measurement

  • Introduction to the passage of time (month, day, week, year)
  • Symbols for reading an analog clock (hour, half hour, quarter of and quarter after, minutes)
  • Exposure to different types of graphs, collecting data and making predictions

Science, in the 3-6 classroom, begins by exploring living things, in addition to other scientific topics. Two main topics of study are botany (the study of plants) and zoology (the study of animals).

Botany:

  • Root Systems and functions
  • Identifying common flowers, trees, shrubs
  • Classification
  • Types of roots, fruits, and seeds

Zoology:

  • Animal routines
  • Animal sounds
  • Advanced classification
  • Basic needs of animals
  • Adaptations
  • Parts of and life cycles

Geography: In the 3-6 classroom, the subject of geography introduces children to the different cultures around the world and how they relate to our own culture, community and world. In addition to maps and landforms, students explore differences between the world’s vast cultures. Some lessons include:

  • Develop the concept and shape of the earth and the model of the globe
  • Learn relative locations and names of the continents and oceans, cardinal directions and simple map skills
  • Introduction to the biomes and types of animals that live on different continents

History: The development of time integrates with the math curriculum that promotes awareness and understanding on how time relates to the world

  • Common vocabulary to explain the passage of time and units of time
  • Calendar
  • Days of week, months of year
  • Seasons

Culture: Integrates with Practical Life and provides the children with multi-sensory impressions of the people, lands, and cultures of other nations

  • Continent Studies
  • Holidays
  • Cultural Celebrations
  • Introduction to symbols and flags

Physical education includes complete wellness and opportunities for movement and physical activity as well as personal, emotional, consumer, and social health. Students have opportunities to develop and improve fine and gross motor skills and coordination as well as learning how to relate to peers, adults and the community.

Gross motor skills are integrated within the Montessori classroom, including opportunities for movement and physical activity. Students have opportunities to develop and improve fine and gross motor skills and coordination as well as learning how to relate to peers, adults and the community.

Control of Movement

  • Apply competent motor skills and movement patterns to different physical activities
  • Understand concepts, principles, strategies and tactics for movement
  • Respectful conduct and promotion of good sportsmanship, responsibility, respect for others
  • Increase communication skills and teamwork
  • Activities include: walking on the line, marching, skipping, balancing, throwing a ball, catching, parachute, soccer, strength and conditioning, cooperative indoor/outdoor games

Students receive 30 minutes of Kiswahili instruction twice a week, as well as additional periods of conversational Kiswahili. Students gain an understanding of the basic vocabulary and structures of the Swahili language via games, songs, movement, stories, and Montessori works.

Skills Developing

  • Distinguishing between the sounds of English and those of Kiswahili
  • Responding to basic Swahili commands
  • Pointing out parts of their body in Swahili
  • Counting in Kiswahili 1-30
  • Identifying colors in Kiswahili
  • Performing greetings and goodbyes in Swahili
  • Discussing feelings in Swahili
  • Making basic comparisons in Swahili using adjectives
  • Identifying Swahili vocabulary related to the world around them (seasons, jobs, transportation, animals, sports, family, shapes, food, clothing, etc.)
Art

Integrated with the Montessori classroom as well as more formal lessons on technique, art is important to provide students opportunity for self-expression. Students are provided proper guidance to have opportunities to discover the world of art and open another door of exploration to aid in individualized development. Experiences in visual art often have a positive impact on self-esteem, self-discipline and cooperation.

Students receive integrated activities within the classroom during work cycle.

Developing Skills

  • Self-expression
  • Fine-motor skills

Developing Skills

  • Lines and shapes
  • Color
  • Watercolor
  • Pin pokes
  • Weaving
  • Cutting and pasting
  • Individual artist studies
  • Seasonal projects
  • Art show
  • Exploring different mediums