Toddlers 15 months – 3 years

“The greatness of the human personality begins at the
hour of birth.”

Curriculum Scope and Sequence

In the Sina toddler program, each child is nurtured as a unique individual, encouraged to explore in a beautiful, safe, and orderly space with materials carefully chosen for their educational purpose and sensory qualities. A critical opportunity for development, these first years of life are an extraordinary period of cognitive and emotional growth, brain development, and language acquisition. Our toddler Montessori-trained teachers form close bonds with the children, nurturing language and body awareness development through freedom of movement and exploration. Under their care, the children establish a strong sense of security and autonomy, laying a foundation for lifelong learning.

Toddlers: 15 months – 3 years

At Sina, we love the “No!” attitude of toddlers. That’s because it’s an assertion of autonomy that leads to a “yes” to new development opportunities like increased body control and expression of feelings. Only when children feel a sense of personal power (“I can affect things”) are they ready to move to the next critical task of realizing a sense of competence (“I can achieve things”). This is an important step out into the wider world as active learners and problem-solvers. Through competence, children develop genuine confidence and a sense of who they are in the world.

Like all learning environments at Sina, the Montessori-inspired space for toddlers is carefully planned to promote exploration, independence, order, and freedom of choice and movement. While it’s strategically organized with defined learning areas, it is open to allow plenty of room for social interaction and activities required for growth and development.

The toddler curriculum provides for both individual and group activities in the following areas:

Exercises such as pouring, sweeping, dusting, buttoning, zipping, and table setting are introduced early, providing opportunities for children to care for themselves and their environment. Lessons of grace and courtesy are practiced daily to help toddlers learn about sharing and how to be considerate of others.

Developing Skills:

  • Large Motor (running, climbing, pushing, catching, throwing)
  • Fine Motor (grasping, wrist motion)
  • Cognitive (order, following directions, cause/effect, problem solving)
  • Social/Emotional (separation, trust, empathy, conflict resolution, expression of emotions, relations with others)
  • Care of Self and Environment

Activities Include:

  • Playground and outdoor equipment
  • Carrying materials
  • Dressing and Undressing
  • Greetings and good-bye
  • Personal Hygiene (dressing/undressing)
  • Cutting simple foods
  • Setting a table
  • Dusting
  • Sweeping/mopping
  • Pouring exercises
  • Washing dishes
  • Serving friends

Aids to Independence — These exercises help the child gain independence and develop the powers of focus and concentration, along with fine and gross motor movement.

Manipulative exercises are designed to facilitate hand-eye coordination, small muscle control, and spatial relationships.

Young children explore and take in information through all their senses. Sensorial exercises are hands-on materials that enhance the senses to prepare students for future academic work, as well as to provide concrete exploratory experiences. These experiences allow for students to develop logic and concentration as well as continued independence.

Developing Skills:

  • Sequencing
  • Visual Discrimination
  • Auditory Discrimination
  • Tactile Discrimination
  • Eye-Hand Coordination
  • Spatial Awareness
  • Object Permanence
  • Gustatory Discrimination

Activities Include:

  • Nesting Blocks, Cylinder Blocks, Tower of Cubes
  • Puzzles
  • Color Box
  • Rough/Smooth objects
  • Sound matching
  • Smelling jars
  • Matching work
  • Food-tasting activities
  • Object permanence boxes

Toddlerhood is a sensitive period for language. The materials in the Sina environment evoke a variety of words, while every experience throughout the day presents opportunities for children to incorporate new vocabulary. Children learn to use words and expand their growing vocabulary to express their feelings and needs. This is also the perfect time to provide a sequenced foundation of pre-reading skills. We present literacy activities during small group time as well as individual moments in comfy reading nooks, all to encourage a love of literature.

Developing Skills:

  • Conversations
  • Left to Right Orientation

Activities Include:

  • Guided Questions
  • Syntax
  • Speaking
  • Peer Modeling
  • Books
  • Language cards
  • Object/picture matching
  • Puzzles
  • Picture sequencing
  • Read Aloud
  • Classifying

Students are introduced to math concepts with hands-on, manipulative materials. Counting, operations, and memorization are developed through exposure and repetition to help develop the Mathematical Mind. Students participate in one-on-one, small group, and large group activities.

Children utilize the sensorial activities in the classroom for math preparation. Through tactile exploration students develop the skills of one-to-one correlation, counting to 10 and matching symbol to quantity.

Cultural Subjects at the Toddler level are taught indirectly through exposure to different cultural activities, songs, books, holidays and seasons, as well as pre-math work on time and other language activities.

Science themed lessons give Young Child students the ability to recognize relationships and understand their role in the world, how we impact and shape what is around us, and the interconnectedness of living systems and nonliving matter. Science is taught indirectly as a preparation for further instruction later. Students are exposed to science through sensorial, language and interdisciplinary activities such as books, songs, movement games and finger plays.

Physical education includes complete wellness and opportunities for movement and physical activity as well as personal, emotional, consumer, and social health. Students have opportunities to develop and improve fine and gross motor skills and coordination as well as learning how to relate to peers, adults and the community.

Students receive multiple opportunities for movement during the school day including large motor, small motor and coordination activities in our outdoor space, specifically designed for Toddlers.


Integrated with the Montessori classroom as well as more formal lessons on technique, art is important to provide students opportunity for self-expression. Students are provided proper guidance to have opportunities to discover the world of art, and open another door of exploration to aid in individualized development. Experiences in visual art often have a positive impact on self-esteem, self-discipline and cooperation.

Toddler Students receive integrated activities within the classroom. Students explore self-expression, creativity and fine-motor skills through activities such as chalk, paint, yarn, glue, clay, sponges and other media.

Peace lessons give toddlers the skills to work through anger and frustration in a positive way, while encouraging tolerance, cooperation, and respect for others.

Children acquire new languages most naturally at this age as all languages simply contribute to their word bank. During the infant and toddler phase of brain development, music is another “language” that stimulates mathematical ability and promotes vocabulary acquisition and speaking skills.